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Article 706-146 of the French Code of Criminal Procedure

If it is not necessary to maintain the seizure of the property in due form, a creditor with an enforceable title establishing a liquid and payable claim may be authorised, under the conditions provided for in Article 706-144, to initiate or resume civil enforcement proceedings against the property, in accordance with the rules applicable to such proceedings. However, the property may not then be sold out of court and the…

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Article 706-148 of the French Code of Criminal Procedure

If the investigation relates to an offence punishable by at least five years’ imprisonment, the liberty and custody judge may, at the request of the public prosecutor, order by reasoned decision the seizure, at the advanced expense of the Treasury, of the property for which confiscation is provided pursuant to the fifth and sixth paragraphs of article 131-21 of the Criminal Code when the law punishing the crime or offence…

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Article 706-150 of the French Code of Criminal Procedure

During the investigation in flagrante delicto or the preliminary investigation, the liberty and custody judge, at the request of the public prosecutor, may order, by reasoned decision, the seizure, at the advanced expense of the Treasury, of the real estate whose confiscation is provided for by the article 131-21 of the Penal Code. The investigating judge may, in the course of the investigation, order this seizure under the same conditions….

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Article 706-151 of the French Code of Criminal Procedure

The seizure of a property under criminal law is enforceable against third parties from the date of publication of the decision ordering the seizure in the mortgage office or, for the departments of Bas-Rhin, Haut-Rhin and Moselle, in the land register for the location of the property. The formalities for this publication are carried out, on behalf of the public prosecutor or the investigating judge, by the Agency for the…

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Article 706-152 of the French Code of Criminal Procedure

A sale of the property concluded before publication of the decision to seize the property under criminal law and published after this publication at the mortgage registry or in the land register for the departments concerned cannot be set up against the State, unless the seizure is subsequently released. However, if it is not necessary to maintain the seizure of the property and the sale does not appear to be…

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Article 706-153 of the French Code of Criminal Procedure

During the investigation in flagrante delicto or the preliminary investigation, the liberty and custody judge, at the request of the public prosecutor, may order by reasoned decision the seizure, at the advanced expense of the Treasury, of the property or intangible rights the confiscation of which is provided for by the article 131-21 of the Penal Code. The examining magistrate may, in the course of the investigation, order this seizure…

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Article 706-154 of the French Code of Criminal Procedure

As an exception to Article 706-153, the judicial police officer may be authorised, by any means, by the public prosecutor or by the investigating judge to seize, at the advanced expense of the Treasury, a sum of money paid into an account opened with an institution authorised by law to maintain deposit accounts or digital asset accounts mentioned in Article L. 54-10-1 of the Monetary and Financial Code. The liberty…

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Article 706-155 of the French Code of Criminal Procedure

Where the seizure relates to a claim for a sum of money, the third party debtor must immediately deposit the sum due with the Caisse des dépôts et consignations or with the Agence de gestion et de recouvrement des avoirs saisis et confisqués (Agency for the Management and Recovery of Seized and Confiscated Assets) where the latter has been seized. However, in the case of conditional or term debts, the…

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